Experiments in Light and Movement
9 November 2018–10 March 2019
With the exhibition “Bauhaus and America. Experiments in Light and Movement” the LWL-Museum für Kunst und Kultur transcends
borders. It intentionally focuses on artists who, after the Bauhaus was closed in 1933, emigrated to America to carry forward their ideas
there. Starting with the Bauhaus stage as an interdisciplinary laboratory for experiments in light and movement, the diverse controversies
in this field are examined for the first time. Ranging from light and kinetic art to experimental film and dance and performance art, this epochspanning exhibition shows the far-reaching influence of these interactions. As early as in the 1950s the ideas were having a reverse
influence from America on Europe and are still reflected in contemporary art today. That is why the exhibition not only concentrates on the
positions of the Bauhaus and its American successor institutions, but spans developments right up to the present. The exhibition provides an insight into the experimental work of more than 50 artists.
One highlight of the exhibition is the display of the famous “Licht-Raum-Modulator” of László Moholy-Nagy and the “Farbenlichtspiele” apparatus of Ludwig Hirschfeld-Mack, which, for the first time in many years, can be seen together in Germany again. With the reactivation
of these light play devices, the museum enables a unique light-space experience. Moholy-Nagy’s “Licht-Raum-Modulator” can be seen in action every day at 11 AM and 4 PM for 15 minutes.
The museum cooperates on a supra-institutional level with the TanzTheaterMünster. Under the direction of the choreographer Hans Henning Paar, the theater has developed the multidisciplinary evening “Unknown Territories” which brings the ideas of the Bauhaus into the present day. More information about tickets and dates www.theater-muenster.com
The impact of the Bauhaus stage on modern dance is also taken into account: The choreographers Matthias Markstein and Isaac Spencer,
together with stage designer Nora Maria Bräuer, have created a performance that will be staged at the museum as part of the exhibition.
Walter Gropius founds the State Bauhaus in Weimar. This school of arts aims at a holistic education in design intended to integrate arts and crafts. Its objective: The goal of all creative activity is building! In addition to architecture and design the school also promotes painting, photography, dance and theater. Many important modernist artists, such as Josef and Anni Albers, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger, Oskar Schlemmer, Xanti Schawinsky and László Moholy-Nagy, teach und study at the Bauhaus.
Josef Albers begins his studies at the Bauhaus, followed by Anni Albers two years later
A stage workshop headed by Lothar Schreyer is set up at the Bauhaus
László Moholy-Nagy is appointed to teach at the Bauhaus; Oskar Schlemmer is put in charge of the stage workshop; the first large Bauhaus exhibition in Weimar receives international attention; Gropius adopts the slogan: Art and Technology – A New Unity
Starting in 1924
Works by Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Lyonel Feininger and Alexej von Jawlensky are exhibited under the name of The Blue Four in the U.S.
The Bauhaus moves to Dessau
The International Theatre Exhibition in New York shows designs of the Bauhaus stage
The Bauhaus sets up its own architecture department; admission of students from America; visit by Alfred Barr, later the director of the Museum of Modern Art in New York founded in 1929
Walter Gropius is replaced as director by Hannes Meyer; Moholy-Nagy leaves the Bauhaus
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe becomes director with Josef Albers as his deputy; Moholy-Nagy’s book The New Vision is published in the U.S.;
first American Bauhaus-related exhibition at the Harvard Society for Contemporary Art
Closing of the Bauhaus in Dessau; the school of art moves to Berlin as a private institution
National Socialist takeover; closing of the Bauhaus in Berlin; Josef and Anni Albers appointed to teach at Black Mountain College in
North Carolina, founded in 1933
Xanti Schawinsky, on the staff of the Bauhaus stage, appointed to teach at Black Mountain College
The exhibition Degenerate Art in Munich; many artists banned from their profession in Germany; a wave of emigration; founding of
the New Bauhaus in Chicago with Moholy-Nagy as director and György Kepes as head of the light workshop; Gropius becomes a professor at Harvard University in Cambridge
Closing of the New Bauhaus; major retrospective on the Bauhaus 1919–1928 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York with a subsequent tour that includes numerous works of the Bauhaus stage; Mies van der Rohe emigrates to the U.S.
Reopening of the New Bauhaus in Chicago as School of Design; outbreak of the Second World War
The composer and artist John Cage is appointed to teach experimental music at the School of Design in Chicago
Josef Albers initiates the summer courses at Black Mountain College; the School of Design in Chicago is renamed the Institute of Design
End of Second World War
Major retrospective for Moholy-Nagy, who died in 1946, at the Museum of Non-Objective Art, New York (Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum), publication of his book Vision in Motion
Robert Rauschenberg studies at Black Mountain College, Josef Albers becomes rector, John Cage is guest lecturer for the first time
Anni Albers, head of the weaving workshop, receives an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York; the Institute of Design
in Chicago becomes part of the Illinois Institute of Technology
Josef Albers appointed as professor at Yale University in New Haven, where he teaches later Op-Art artists like Richard Anuszkiewicz and Julian Stanczak; beginning of Albers’s picture series Homage to the Square
John Cage together with Robert Rauschenberg and the choreographer Merce Cunningham stages the performance Untitled Event at Black Mountain College; major Bauhaus retrospective at the Busch-Reisinger Museum of Harvard in Cambridge
Closing of Black Mountain College; first exhibition by Josef Albers in Germany with stations in Hagen, Kassel, Münster and Ulm;
founding of the artists’ group ZERO by Otto Piene and Heinz Mack, which takes up ideas of Moholy-Nagy
Josef Albers leaves Yale University; Anni Albers publishes her book On Designing
Josef Albers publishes his textbook Interaction of Color
Otto Piene emigrates to the U.S.
The exhibition The Responsive Eye at the Museum of Modern Art in New York with Op Art and light art works by Josef Albers, Richard
Anuszkiewicz, Julian Stanczak, Heinz Mack and Robert Irwin; György Kepes curates the exhibition Light as a Creative Medium at the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts in Cambridge
Robert Rauschenberg and the engineer Billy Klüver initiate a series of performances entitled 9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering in New York
Rauschenberg and Klüver launch the artists’ organization E.A.T. – Experiments in Art and Technology; György Kepes founds
the Center for Advanced Visual Studies (CAVS), a think tank for artists, scientists and technologists, at the Massachusetts Institute
Otto Piene becomes one of the first fellows at CAVS; the Los Angeles County Museum of Art sets up an Art & Technology Program and promotes Robert Irwin and James Turrell, among others
Bauhaus reception in the U.S. starts in the 1920s and experiences its heyday from the 1930s to the 1940s. Thanks to the 1952 Bauhaus retrospective in Harvard, a second wave of interest follows, though in the 1970s it is diminished by the political turmoil of the Cold War. It is not until the 1990s that American interest in the Bauhaus is strongly revived again, as witnessed by numerous exhibitions and publications that you can examine in our library if interested.
An exhibition catalogue available in German or English for 27 euros features texts by Hermann Arnhold, Kristin Bartels, Torsten Blume, Ulrike Gärtner, Andreas Hapkemeyer, Julie Jones, Gail Kirkpatrick, Marijke Lukowicz, Márton Orosz, Tanja Pirsig-Marshall, Jeannette Redensek, Eline Van Dijk published by Kerber Verlag Bielefeld.
An audioguide (in German or English) is available at the information desk for 2 euros.
DANCE PERFORMANCE MESH
Friday, 9 November., and Saturday, 10 November 2018, each 5 PM
Friday, 29 December, and Saturday, 30 December 2018, each 5 PM
Friday, 2 February, and Saturday, 3 February 2019, each 4 PM
Friday, 9 March, and Saturday, 10 March 2019, each 4 PM
Friday, 14 December 2018, 7.30 PM
Kristina Lowis (Berlin)
„Isn’t that bauhausy?“ – Fotografie am Institute of Design, Chicago
Friday, 1 February 2019, 7.30 PM
Torsten Blume (Bauhaus-Archiv, Dessau)
Die Bauhausbühne als pädagogisches Konzept: Xanti Schawinsky und Oskar Schlemmer
Thursday, 7 February 2019, 7.30 PM
Dr. Sigrid Pawelke (Aix-en-Provence)
Die Bauhaus-Bühne und ihr Einfluss auf Amerika
The admision to the lectures is free.
Public guided tours through the exhibition
Every Saturday and Sunday, 2–3PM
guided tours by curators
Wednesday, 12 December 2018 with Kristin Bartels
Thursday, 17 January 2019 with Dr. Tanja Pirsig-Marshall
Tuesday, 12 February 2019 with Kristin Bartels
Friday, 1 March 2019 with Dr. Tanja Pirsig-Marshall
each 4.30–5.30 PM
Friday, 11 January 2019
Sunday, 10 February 2019
To book a guided tour
+49 251 5907 201
Tuesdays to Sundays 10 AM–6 PM
Open until 10 PM on the second Friday of each month
CHRISTMAS: open Dec. 26
LONG FRIDAY Nov.9/Dec.14/Jan.11/Feb.8/Mar.8
Admission (incl. collection)
12 euros, reduced rate 6 euros
LWL-Museum für Kunst und Kultur
Domplatz 10, 48143 Münster